Nutrition disorder frequency in 5- to 9-year-old children from Colima, Mexico

Clemente Vásquez, Benjamín Trujillo-Hernández, Raymundo Velasco-Rodríguez, Víctor Manuel Bautista-Hernández
3.451 720

Abstract


BACKGROUND AND AIMS. The objectives were to determine nutrition disorder frequency, energy intake and type of nutrients in the diet of 5- to 9-year-old children from Colima, Mexico.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. A populational survey was applied to 1992 children in the state of Colima, Mexico. The variables studied were weight, age, age-related weight, age-related height and body mass index (the last 3 expressed in percentiles). In a direct survey, parents provided information on all foods their children had eaten 24 hours before survey. The WM Boothby and J Berkson food nomogram and the Salvador Zubirán National Institute of Medical Science and Nutrition Mexican Food Composition Tables were used to determine child daily energy requirements.
RESULTS. In relation to body mass index, overweight and obesity was 28.5% in girls and 33.0% in boys. Malnutrition was present in 10.1 % of girls and 5.5 % of boys. Adequate energy intake was 31.3%. There was also 39.5%, 39.7%, and 32.5% adequate intake of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS. In relation to body mass index in 5- to 9-year-old children from Colima, Mexico, nutrition disorder frequency was 38.6%, inadequate energy intake was 68.7%, and almost two-thirds of children had inadequate nutrient intake.

Keywords


Children; Malnutrition; Nutrition disorder; Obesity; Overweight

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