Neonatal Chikungunya aâ‚¬“ A Case Series
Background: After 32years, the reemergence of Chikungunya infection was reported in India in the year 2006. During this phase, vertical transmission of the disease was also noted. Methodology: A prospective study of neonatal chikungunya was done and the presentation and biochemical parameters were studied. Results: We had a total of 8 cases of vertically transmitted disease. Majority presented with features of encephalopathy and during the course of the disease all developed perioral hyperpigmentation which later spread to other parts of the body. Conclusion: Vertical transmission of chikungunya should be among the differential diagnosis when a newborn presents with features of encephalopathy and perioral hyperpigmentation, especially in an endemic area. Perioral hyperpigmentation can be considered as the hallmark of vertically transmitted chikungunya infection.
neonatal chikungunya; hyperpigmentation; encephalopathy